Writing needs to be descriptive and interesting otherwise it is easy to lose interest. The writing should be such that the reader can visualize the scene. Sentence construction is a skill that needs to be developed. Teachers can help develop that skill by undertaking exercises on how to expand sentences and thus the writing can be refined. Let’s discuss the worksheets.
To the left of the above anchor chart are a few simple steps teachers can take to incorporate sentence expansion into their writing instruction.
They are merely questions which the child has to answer and incorporate in his/her sentence.
Sentence – A lady entered the cafe.
This sentence does not actually explain anything. The first step in adding life to a sentence could be inserting an adjective. Adjectives are describing words and one of the most effective ways to describe a sentence.
A lady entered the crowded cafe.
Just one word ‘crowded’ describes the sentence in a way that we can actually picture it.
The next step is adding ‘when?’
During lunch hour, a lady entered the crowded cafe.
Now, we can picture the scene even better.
After ‘when?’ we move to ‘where?’
We try to give more insight into where the events were taking place.
During lunch hour, a lady entered the crowded cafe of the hospital.
The next step is answering the question, ‘How?’ or ‘doing what?’
During lunch hour, a lady hurriedly entered the crowded cafe of the hospital.
This sentence gives a complete picture of what was going on at that time.
You may or may not incorporate the last step which is ‘why?’
During lunch hour, a lady hurriedly entered the crowded cafe of the hospital to grab an empty table.
Now, compare this sentence to where we started. ‘A lady entered the cafe.’
These steps have completely transformed the sentence.
Expand the sentence in the above worksheet.
For Class 1 and Class 2 children, I usually do not follow the last step ‘why?’ when we expand sentences though I make sure to discuss it with them. Writing the last step can be confusing for our little ones and they can lose interest so it’s okay if you want to avoid it.
I usually start writing the last step with children who are eight years and older since the children are well versed with the ‘parts of speech’ by then.
The above three worksheets can be attempted by learners to practice and expand sentences.