What are consonant digraphs?
Consonants are all letters in the alphabet apart from the vowels a, e, i, o, and u.
b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w x y z are consonants
A digraph is two letters that make just one sound.
A consonant digraph is two adjacent consonants that produce one speech sound. They are not blends.
c and h are two consonants that come together to form a new sound, the /ch/ sound. I usually tell children that when ‘c’ and ‘h’ come together, they form a new sound, /ch/. It is the sound that a moving train makes (choo-choo). We make this sound when we sneeze (a-choo!). It is a good way to introduce this digraph to kids.
The first is a read and color worksheet. You will read words that begin with /ch/. The /ch/ words are in a large font and can be colored. I would suggest coloring only /ch/ sound in each word so that the child understands that these two words are read together.
The next worksheet is one of my favorites. Cut the letter tiles and spell the word by sticking the tiles. Children love to stick and these worksheets are especially helpful when two letters come together to form a sound. The child has to say ‘ch’ and then form the sound and then stick it. It is a great activity before they begin writing the ch words.
Read the ch words, color the picture tiles, cut the picture tiles, and paste them under the right word.
Read the sound ‘ch’ word bank and write the words under the pictures, color the pictures.
Now comes the ‘nch’ sound. This can be slightly more confusing for kids than ‘ch’. When writing ‘nch’ most kids forget to add the ‘n’ to ‘ch’ and write it as ‘ch’ only. I thought it will be a good idea to introduce this sound separately to make it less confusing for children.
Read the words ending in ch and paste the pictures.
Match the sound ‘ch’ and ‘nch’ words to the pictures.
Cut the ‘ch’ and ‘nch’ word tiles and then sort the words in the correct box. A good activity to understand the difference between ‘ch’ and ‘nch’. When learners are confused, I make them highlight the ‘ch’ and nch sound and then read the word.
This worksheet has ‘ch’ and ‘nch’ words in sentences. The sentences are jumbled up. Our learners have to unscramble these simple sentences and write them in the space provided. Please tell them that ‘sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a period.’ It will introduce punctuation and make unscrambling easier.
Make the ch words by joining the strips and paste them in the notebook. Cut along the lines. you will get 6 words along with pictures. Now, cut along the dotted lines. Give your child 3 strips for the first word e.g. chop. Let the child form the picture and read the word. stick the word in the notebook and form a simple sentence with a word and write it e.g. Dad chops the log.
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